In he was represented by 13 pictures in the much-discussed, much-lambasted New York Armory Showand, when the exhibition arrived in Chicago, he was given some useful publicity by the burning—happily, merely in effigy—of his Blue Nude Each of the reliefs is contemporaneous with a mural-sized canvas depicting the female nude: Copying Barye's piece was a standard exercise for French art students.
Loew in memory of his father, Marcus Loew, M. At intervals between then and about Matisse made at least three further versions, all on the same scale TTT His paintings of this period are characterised by flat shapes and controlled lines, using pointillism in a less rigorous way than before.
Everything must be Henri matisse the back iv of up of parts that make a unit; a tree like a human body, a human body like a cathedral. Courtesy of Northwestern University Prosperity did not make Matisse less industrious. They are the sculptural realizations of specific pictorial preoccupations, the tension between the sculptural and the pictorial giving them their particular power" op.
Stephen Nash has written: The compositions move from a relatively naturalistic rendering of the figure in Back I through progressively simplified and increasingly geometric anatomies to the startlingly stripped down, columnar figure in Back IV--"a stark but refined, highly architectural monolith, in which Matisse smoothed away the struggles of its earlier states" S.
More even than that, the show brings you physically closer than anything else could to Matisse's hidden inner life: Matisse's own sculpture was at its most ruthlessly analytical in the years when he taught his pupils how to build a painting by making them deconstruct the Apollo Belvedere and the Borghese Gladiator from the Louvre.
That Matisse should have begun his studies in such a conservative school may seem surprising, and he once explained the fact by saying that he was acting on the recommendation of a Saint-Quentin painter of hens and poultry yards.
Even so, these reliefs—his largest sculptures—present a coherent progress, from a relatively detailed naturalism toward a near-abstract monumentality. She raises her left arm to grip the top of the background, which is understood as a wall or a screen, and leans her head against her forearm.
He was elected an associate member of the Salon society, and his Woman Reading was purchased by the government. The monumental stability of the one made no more sense than the frenzied momentum of the other to people who felt as if the ground were shifting under their feet.
During the next two years he undertook expeditions to Brittany, met the veteran Impressionist Camille Pissarroand discovered the series of Impressionist masterpieces in the Gustave Caillebotte Collection, which had just been donated—amid protests from conservatives—to the French nation.
Although it has always been known in recent years as 'Back I', there was also an earlier version, signed by the artist and apparently complete, which has never been cast in bronze and probably no longer exists.
John Elderfield has explained, "[The Backs] served if not as studies then as sources of inspiration and mental organization for these paintings. Rodin, for example, made a small, half-length relief of a woman seen from behind La Douleur, circa and also included several powerfully modeled backs in his celebrated Porte de l'enfer.
His pictures became less daring in conception and less economical in means. Together, the Backs afford vivid insights into Matisse's formal and thematic concerns at critical moments in his career.
Share via Email 'The Backs take your breath away' The Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau — was the movement's inspirational teacher. LC-USZ During the last years of his life, he was a rather solitary man who was separated from his wife and whose grown-up children were scattered.
The first work in the series has a dynamic tension, and an arabesque line flows through it; in the secondthe body is more erect, less fluid. The Museum of Modern Art, revisedoriginally publishedp. However, a representation of the relief in L'Atelier rose of Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow has recently been interpreted as Back I early in its voyage to becoming Back II, with a thicker waist, a straighter spine, and a wider-legged stance exh.
Marguerite Duthuit, the artist's daughter, has suggested that the reliefs should not be understood as a series at all, but rather as one sculpture that passed through several states see J.
Nevertheless, as Albert Elsen has commented, "That there was an abundance of sources upon which Matisse could have drawn does not distract from the audacity of his first monumental undertaking in sculpture" ibid.
He died in He continued to absorb new influences. The third work leads to the fourthwhere Matisse suppresses physical detail, making the contours more fluid, the surface more homogeneous. The movement as such lasted only a few years, —, and had three exhibitions.The Back IV by Henri Matisse Henri Matisse was a French artist born December 31st He is known for his use of colour.
He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and. Henri Matisse (Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, 31 December – 3 November ) was a French artist known for his use of colour and his original ideas.
He is mainly known as a painter, but he was also a draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. Henri Matisse, The Back Series, bronze, left to right: The Back I, –09, The Back II,The Back IIIThe Back IV, c.all Museum of Modern Art, New York City Henri Matisse,Le Serf (The Serf, Der Sklave), bronze.
Matisse worked on Back over the course of 23 years. With its various states, it is, as the artist’s daughter, Marguerite, suggested inone sculpture that passed through several stages of evolution.
In Back IV, Matisse has carried the simplifications and abstractions of the preceding states to a new extreme. The composition consists of three simple vertical zones. Although Back I had been exhibited inthe series remained almost unknown until –50 when the plaster Backs I, III and IV appeared in exhibitions in Paris and Lausanne.
Back II was only rediscovered after Matisse’s death, while an even more naturalistic first version is now only known from a photograph.Download