If I am enjoying a conversation, for example, I do not need to wait until it is finished in order to feel pleased; I take pleasure in the activity all along the way. Aristotle makes it clear that the number of people with whom one can sustain the kind of relationship he calls a perfect friendship is quite small IX.
Here he is influenced by an idea expressed in the opening line of the Ethics: But Aristotle is not looking for a defense of this sort, because he conceives of friendship as lying primarily in activity rather than receptivity.
Book VII offers a brief account of what pleasure is and is not. A defense of his position would have to show that the emotions that figure in his account of the virtues are valuable components of any well-lived human life, when they are experienced properly.
Of the remaining goods, some must necessarily pre-exist as conditions of happiness, and others are naturally co-operative and useful as instruments. For the former think it is some plain and obvious thing, like pleasure, wealth, or honour; they differ, however, from one another- and often even the same man identifies it with different things, with health when he is ill, with wealth when he is poor; but, conscious of their ignorance, they admire those who proclaim some great ideal that is above their comprehension.
Now if the function of man is an activity of soul which follows or implies a rational principle, and if we say 'so-and-so-and 'a good so-and-so' have a function which is the same in kind, e. The right amount is not some quantity between zero and the highest possible level, but rather the amount, whatever it happens to be, that is proportionate to the seriousness of the situation.
They should be counted as virtues only if it can be shown that actualizing precisely these skills is what happiness consists in.
He makes it clear that certain emotions spite, shamelessness, envy and actions adultery, theft, murder are always wrong, regardless of the circumstances a8— Nor is it easy to see how his discussion of these five intellectual virtues can bring greater precision to the doctrine of the mean.
Aristotle holds that a happy life must include pleasure, and he therefore opposes those who argue that pleasure is by its nature bad. By the same token, one becomes vicious by allowing certain defective ways of acting to become habitual. Clear thinking about the best goals of human life and the proper way to put Nicomachean aristotle happiness into practice is a rare achievement, because the human psyche is not a hospitable environment for the development of these insights.
Aristotle attempts to answer this question in IX. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction. Intellectual virtues are in turn divided into two sorts: So, although Aristotle holds that ethics cannot be reduced to a system of rules, however complex, he insists that some rules are inviolable.
Aristotle explains what each of these states of mind is, draws various contrasts among them, and takes up various questions that can be raised about their usefulness.Happiness is not a state but an activity.
In his Nicomachean Ethics, the philosopher Aristotle tries to discover what is ‘the supreme good for man’, that is, what is the best way to lead our. Aristotle closes the Nicomachean Ethics therefore by announcing a programme of study in politics, including the collecting of studies of different constitutions, and the results of this programme are generally assumed to be contained in the work that exists today and is known as the Politics.
Other scholars suggest that Aristotle’s son may have edited the book after Aristotle died, so that the title “Nicomachean” may refer to this particular edition of Aristotle’s ethical works. Summary. Happiness is the highest good and the end at which all our activities ultimately aim.
Notes on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics A. Formal definition of happiness or flourishing (eudaimonia) Happiness (or flourishing or living well) is a complete and sufficient good. Aristotle supposes that the ultimate good that every human being searches for has to be something so fantastic that we would live inside of it and only it forever if we could, without the need for anything else.
Nicomachean Ethics is a philosophical inquiry into the nature of the good life for a human being. Aristotle begins the work by positing that there exists some ultimate good toward which, in the final analysis, all human actions ultimately aim. The necessary characteristics of the ultimate good are.Download