Spanish conquest of the aztec and the inca empires

First, their weaponry and armor were much more advanced. As Pizarro and his men took over portions of South America they plundered and enslaved countless people. The slaves were often prisoners-of-war taken in battles between indigenous African groups. Much of Aztec culture was destroyed, but some artifacts are now held in museums.

The revolt, lasted from the early s untilwhen Haiti received its independence. This was assisted by the expansion of European colonial empires. Many of the indigenous people did convert.

The Spanish baptised her into the Catholic faith and she was renamed. The European diseases that reduced the population of the indigenous people of the Caribbean islands also affected the Aztecs, and to a lesser degree the Incas.

Weakened by disease, the Native Americans were unable to cope with hard manual labour. He was buried with Christian rites in the church of San Francisco at Cajamarca, but was soon disinterred. False interpretations from the interpreter Felipillo made the Spaniards paranoid.

Instead of sparing his life as promised, Pizarro executed Atahualpa on 29 August and took control of the town of Cajarmaca. What were some of the reasons that the Spanish had success in conquering both the Aztec and Inca peoples? The aztec empire was feared and hated by the other native clans and tribes they had conquered.

Most settlers were involved in mining the vast amounts of silver and gold that existed in Peru. This was a major disadvantage for the Inca and their undoing was due to a lack of self-confidence, and a desire to make public demonstration of fearlessness and godlike command of situation.

In addition to their strategic alliances with different indigenous groups, the Spanish had several advantages. Balboa is best known as the first European to see the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish were successful over the Incas and the Mayans because they had better tools and they had guns and cannons.

The Aztecs lived in a fertile valley metres above sea level, the water from the surrounding mountains watered their crops, which included maize, cotton, beans and chili peppers. Montezuma was killed, and many Spaniards and Aztecs lost their lives.

The Spanish built a line of forts to defend their settlements against continuous Araucanian attacks and raids.

America, Spanish conquest

Today, Panama honours Balboa by naming its monetary unit, the balboa, after him. She learnt Spanish, lived with Cortes and later gave birth to his son.

In Central and South America, the Spanish settlers eventually intermarried with the Incas and Aztecs as most of the settlers were men. The fact that such a small number of Spanish troops were able to defeat the thousands Inca warriors at Cajamarca is attributable to many factors, among them that the Spanish had caballeroscannon and guns while the Inca had only rustic armament.

Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire

How were the relatively small Spanish armies able to conquer much larger indigenous forces? He kidnapped and murdered their king and proceeded to meltdown and secure all of their gold and silver for his own personalgain. The Spaniards, led by Francisco Pizarro, arrived in and were able to exploit the situation and capture the already weakened state.

Of all the things there is to know about Peru, which then were not many, he decided to stick to that. Use books in the school or community library as well as the internet. Atahualpa asked what to do about the men, and Cinquinchara replied that they should be killed because they are evil thieves who take whatever they want and are supai cuna or "devils".

They ended up retreating from the Aztecs, but Moctezuma was killed in the fight. The account was used by eighteenth-century Jesuit Francisco Javier Clavijero in his descriptions of the history of Mexico. The Spaniards destroyed almost every Inca building in Cuzco,[ citation needed ] built a Spanish city over the old foundations, and proceeded to colonize and exploit the former empire.

Despite the war, the Spaniards did not neglect the colonizing process.

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

In any case, a study by N. By the early sixteenth century, the Spanish settlement in Cuba was mired in problems. How did Cortes conquer the Aztec empire?

Aztec Empire

These two accounts are full-blown narratives from the viewpoint of the Spanish opponents. Colonialism did not cause racism, but it helped to reinforce the belief that Europeans were the dominant race and therefore superior and that other races were subordinate and therefore inferior.

In a letter in Nahuatl to the Spanish Crown, the indigenous lords of Huexotzinco lay out their case in for their valorous service. When he first encountered the totonacshe offered to free them from the Mexica in exchange for a military alliance.

Ruins of the Aztec capital have been uncovered from beneath the streets of modern Mexico City.The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, Spanish soldiers under conquistador Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their native allies captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa in the Battle of was the first step in a long campaign that Territorial changes: Former Inca lands incorporated into the Spanish Empire.

The Spanish Conquest What happened to the Aztecs, Maya, and Inca? The great civilizations of Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of the sixteenth 22 Art History: Aztec and Inca Empires.

STUDY. PLAY. Who was the ruler of the Aztec empire when the Spanish conquest began? b. Moctezuma. What is this headdress made from? b. quetzal bird feathers. What does the page above describe? b. the Aztec world view before the Spanish  · The Conquest of the Inca Empire.

Little did the residents of the massive Inca empire know that they would soon be learning Spanish in Peru. Their adoption of the rapidly-spreading Spanish language would be symptomatic of the loss of their culture and land (one of the richest in America) at the hands of the Spanish The conquest of the Aztec and Incan empires were relatively easy battles.

A couple of reasons as to why it was so easy were because these empires were isolated, they knew nothing of the new world and other cultures, they believed that the Europeans intentions were of.

The Spanish Conquest What happened to the Aztecs, Maya, and Inca?

Spanish Conquest of the Americas

The great civilizations of Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of the sixteenth century.

Spanish conquest of the aztec and the inca empires
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